Tirumala hills is situated 2820 ft above MSL and is about 100sq.m in area. It comprises seven peaks ,representing the seven hoods of Audisesha , thus earning the name Seshachalam.
The seven peaks are called Seshadri, Vedadri, Garudadri, Anjandri, Vrishabhadri, Narayandri and Venkatadri (Adri in sanskrit means Hill).The Venkatam hill is believed to be a part of the celestial mount Meru, brought to the earth from Vaikuntam by Garuda.
The sacred temple of Sri Venkateswara is located on the seventh peak,Venkatdri and there are several legends associated with the manifestation of the lord in Tirumala.
The shrine of the lord is very ancient and there are ample references to it in the early inscriptions belonging to the Chola and Pallava periods as well in the Sangam literature.
The abode of the lord is about 10 km north-west of Tirupati and there are foot-steps leading to the hill as well as two separate serpentine roads to reach the shrine.
According to legend, God Vishnu revealed himself earlier in the previous incarnations as Varahaswamy on the banks of the present temple tank..
This manifestation of the white boar (Sveta Varaham) is enshrined in the Adi Varahaswany temple situated on the northeastern banks of the tank.
Contact : Ph : 0877-2227777, 2233333
Akasa Ganga :
About 3 km north of the main temple is a
perennial stream that is said to flow from the
feet of the deity. The Akasa Ganga, as it is
called, is considered sacred as the Vedas
describe it as flowing from the feet of Lord
Vishnu. The water from here is used for the
daily rituals in the temple.
Chandragiri Fort :
The fort a top of huge a rock that stands 56
meters tall is just 12 Kms from the temple town
of Tirupati. Built in 1000 AD in the form of
fortifications with bastions and a steep moat,
Chandragiri was under the rule of Yadavarayas
for about three centuries and came into the
control of Vijayanagara rulers in 1367.
King’s Palace: One of the finest examples of
Indo-Saracenic architecture of Vijayanagara
period, this imposing three storeyed palace
adorned by the crowning towers representing
certain Hindu architectural elements, was
constructed with stone, brick, lime mortar and
is devoid of timber. The central tower that
covers durbar hall rises through two storeys. It
is said to be the same venue where Sri Rangaraya
granted the site of Fort St. George to the
British in 1640. The floors are supported by
massive pillars while the walls bear fine
plaster and stucco decorations. Queen’s
Palace: Similar to the Kings palace in style
and method of execution, this edifice with
ground floor looking like a stable and first
floor containing quarters adorned with
ornamental sikhara has a flat roof. Contrary to
the popular belief that this place was meant for
the queen or harem, the epigraphical record
available from the basement speaks this building
being a commander’s quarters.
This is a 11th Century Vinayaka Temple and
the peculiarity is that the idol seems to be
growing in size. A 'Kawacham' (breast plate)
made for the idol half a century ago has become
too small for it now. It is 70 km from Tirupati
and 12 km from Chitoor.
ISKCON Lord Krishna Temple
The temple has its own style of architecture
with the towers coloured in gold and white. The
carvings of Lord Narasimha Swamy, Lord Varaha
Swamy and Krishna Leela are marvelous. Glass
painting works on the windows depicting Lord
Krishna’s playful acts and the ceilings
decorated like Tanjore art reveals the colourful
masterpiece in art work. Each pillar is
decorated with ten avatars of Lord Vishnu. The
temple inside the sanctum has Lord Krishna with
beautifully dressed Gopikas. There is a
beautiful park surrounded with lot of flowers,
ponds, fountains and with Krishna Leela idols.
The temple is on the way to Tirumala Hills.
Shila Thoranam :
Shila thoranam (the great geological arch) is
a rare geological phenomenon seen in Tirumala.
During excavations in the 1980’s a rare
geological formation consisting of two different
sets of rocks connected together in the form of
a thin link was found. Though small in size (25
ft long and l0 ft high) it is the second oldest
known natural arch (1500 million years old), but
what makes it unique and astounding is that the
height of the idol of The Lord at Tirumala is
same as the height of the arch.
Lord Siva is said to have appeared before the
sage Kapila in this historic place. These
cascading waterfalls from the holy hills are a
treat to watch.
Sri Kapileswaraswami Temple :
Sri Kapileswaraswami Temple is the only
temple dedicated to Lord Siva in Tirupati. It is
situated about 3 km to the north of Tirupati, at
the foot of the Tirumala Hills. The sacred
waterfall called Kapila Teertham (also known as
Alwar Teertham) is located here. Annual
Brahmot-savams and festivals like Vinayaka
Chaturthi, Mahasivaratri, Skanda Shasti and
Annabhishekam are performed here with great pomp
and splendour. Sri Venugopalaswamy Temple, Sri
Lakshminarayana swamy Temple and Sri
Vinayakaswamy Temple on the Second Ghat Road are
sub-temples which function under the control of
the Kapileswaraswamy Temple.
This is where the marriage between Lord
Venkateswara and Goddess Padmavati is said to
have taken place. Located 36 KM from Tirupati,
there is a temple here dedicated to 'Kalyana
Sri Govindarajaswami Temple :
Sri Govindarajaswami Temple is one of the
most important temples in Tirupati. It has an
imposing gopuram which can be seen from a
distance. Saint Ramanujacharya consecrated the
temple in 1130 AD. The festivals and functions
are similar to those conducted in Sri
Venkateswara temple. The annual Brahmotsavam at
this temple is celebrated in the month of
Vaisakha every year. The annual float festival
is also celebrated every year.
Sri Varahaswami Temple :
The famous temple of Sri Varahaswami in
Tirumala is to the north of the Sri
Venkateshwara temple, on the banks of Swami
Pushkarini. The presiding deity is Varaha Swami,
an incarnation of Lord Vishnu in the form of a
boar that was staying on the hills when The Lord
descended unto earth. HE had to take permission
from Lord Varaha to stay here and grant HIM.
Sri Kothandarama swami Temple :
This temple, which was built by a Chola king
during the tenth century AD, is situated in the
heart of the Tirupati town. The presiding
deities are Sita, Rama and Lakshmana. The temple
of Anjaneyaswami, which is directly opposite, is
a subshrine of this temple. According to legend,
this temple comme-morates the visit of Sri Rama
to Tirupati. The festivals of Ugadi and Sri
Ramanavami are celebrated in this temple on a
grand scale. Brahmotsavam is celebrated at this
temple every year.
Sri Padmavathi Samovar Temple, Tiruchanoor :
Tiruchanoor, also known as
Alamelumangapuram, is about 5 km from Tirupati.
The temple of Sri Padmavati Devi, the consort of
Lord Sri Venkateshwara is situated here.
Tirupati yatra is incomplete without a visit to
this temple. Sri Padmavati is the divine consort
of Lord Venkateshwara. ‘Kalyanotsavam’ is
performed here as in Tirumala between 10.30 a.m.
and 12 noon every day. Five members are allowed
(Rs. 500/-). Special darshan (Rs. 5/-) is
advisable. Darshan starts from 6.30 a.m. on
Weekdays and from 8.00 a.m. on Fridays.
Tiruchanoor (also known as Alarmelu Mangapuram)
is 4 km from Tirupati. Buses ply throughout the
Offering to God
The sacred hill of Tirumala, overhanging the city
of Tirupati is said to be the more popular place of pilgrimage
in the world, drawning more devotees than Rome, Jerusalem or
Mecca! (Sometimes more than 100.000 per day!) They come here to
see the Venkateshvara Temple, an avatar of Vishnu, who is said
to fulfil the prayer prononced in front of his statue (Darshan).
A large part of the pilgrims offers their hair to the god,
symbolic act of self-renouncement, so here, many men, women and
children are skin heads.
Sri Venkateswara Dhyana Vignan Mandiram :
The Sri Venkateswara Museum was established
in 1980. Stone and wooden carvings, articles
used for pooja, and traditional art and
architecture are displayed here. Now, a new
building, called Sri Venkateswara Dhyana Vignana
Mandiram has been constructed for the purpose.
This is a small hamlet some 42 kilometres to
the South-east of Thiruppathy The Presiding
Diety here is Shri Kalyana Venkateswara Swamy
Appalayagunda: Yet another village some 15
kilometre away from Thiruppathy. The Presiding
Diety is Lord Shri Prasanna Venkateswara. A very
imposing and magnificient statue of Anjenaya is
installed here. Anjenaya son of Annai Anjanai is
considered to be so powerful that a dharshan of
him will bring immense benefit to the devotees.
SV Zoological Park and Science Center :
Sri Venkateswara Zoological Park is the
second of its kind in the Andhra Pradesh. It has
many species of animals and plants which are
being conserved. A science center is also
present nearby which is very famous in Andhra
Pradesh. It also has a planitorium which grabs
huge amounts of crowd. It takes minimum of a day
to see it. Nearly 10 to 15 tigers are present in
this zoo.There is a proposed pharma university
amd medical college at renigunta in an area of
165 acres. And IT Sec. is also coming up in
Renigunta in 147 acres. Surappakasam township is
also coming which is in between Tiruchanoor and
Renigunta.Another multiplex and a recreational
centre with a Five star hotel are coming on the
150 Ft.Byepass road.
This water falls considered the threshole of
the hills of Tirumala on which Shrine of Lord
Venkateswara is located. The 60 metre falls is a
perenial one and standing under the cascade is
said to cleanese the mind and body.
The Papa Vinashanam :
About 5 Kms north of the Tirumala
temple is a deep bowl formed by the surrounding
hills that created a reservoir ages ago and many
a mountain stream emptied into it. This came to
be known as the Papavinashanam (The Cleanser of
sins). Its waters were initially used for
worshipping purposes but abandoned later because
of the distance from the temple. It is still
used though,for special occasions. To conserve
water forever increasing number of pilgrims and
therefore, the temple township, a dam was
constructed across but the pilgrims, thus
preserving the tradition, provided a bypass for
bathing. It is believed that the holy waters of
this place dissolve the sins of the devotees.
Hence this place is known as Papavinashanam.
The Swami Pushkarini :
It is very usual and highly probable to find
a water tank either just beside or nearby every
Hindu temple constructed during the ancient and
medieval times. The waters of the tank were
strictly for temple purposes only - like for the
God’s “bath” that is a ritual/worship, cleaning
and washing the temples insides and outsides,
for use inside the temples for drinking purposes
(Not in Tirumala, though), kitchens (if any) and
by large, by the folk that stay and live by the
temple like the priests’ families and workers,
for their daily uses. The water’s chief and
famous uses are bathing and washing by the
visiting pilgrims who take a dip or swim in it
and, above all, for the temple’s special
occasions when the divine images are taken in
the temple boat, in the tank waters. The water
in the Swami Pushkarini is absolutely NOT
stagnant OR infected. It has a state-of-the-art
recycling facility and water is treated before
it gets into and recycled continuously. Swami
Pushkarini was a pleasure tank of Sri Maha
Vishnu in Vaikuntham, and was brought and set on
Earth by Garuda, for the sport of Sri
Venkateshwara. It is adjacent to the Sri
Venkateshwara temple. A bath in the Swami
Pushkarini is believed to clean pilgrims of
their sins and bestow temporal prosperity.
Pilgrims bath here before entering the main
temple. A bath in the holy tank purifies one’s
body and soul.
TTD has changed the “Sudarshan Booking” counters
from Tirumala to Tirupati. If you have not
booked the tickets (Rs.50/-paid or free) for
Darshan from your city outside Tirupati, now the
Sudarshan tickets can only be booked from
Tirupati near railway station, bus stand also at
Also there is e-darshan booking facility
available at Hyderabad and well known towns of
AP like Guntur, Warangal etc. where we can make
the way of darshan of Balaji easier At
Hyderabad, the TTD office located at
Himayatnagar. TTD maintains a very good website
for the devotees for their online advanced
booking for e-darshan and accommodation at TTD
Call Center TTD has started the facility of 24/7
call center to reach the devoties at any time,
For Bangaloreans, the TTD office for e-darshan
booking facility is located at Malleshwaram.
Tirumala Tirupathi Devasthanam, 16th cross,
Vyalikaval Extn, Gd pa, Vyalikaval. Ph: 080-2344
5432 / 2331 5361
Fax: 080-2888 8888.
In Tirumala most people stay for free in the huge dormitories
around the temple. There are rooms in guesthouses and cottages
available on rent too at various rates offering various degrees
of comfort and luxury. All bookings have to be made with the
Central Reception Office of the TTD. Off-season you can reserve
up to a month in advance by sending them a letter and a draft
for Rs. 100. Tirupati has a whole range of hotels,
air-conditioned or otherwise, pricey and inexpensive.
t is located 50 kms from Tirupati, 640 kms from Hyderabad. 230 km from Chennai and very close to the world famous Tirupati Balaji Venkateswara Temple.
The unique Shiva Linga here is located in picturesque surroundings with the Dakshina Kailasa mountain at the back and the north flowing river Swarnamukhi in front.
The Shivalinga of Srikalahasti is said to be one of the Panchabhutalingas representing the five temples, water, fire, air, ether and earth. There is a light in the Garbhagriha of the temple which is always flickering, as if it is blown by wind, although there are no holes or windows anywhere, for the air to enter the temple.
The main Lingam has a pedestal and is in the shape of the trunk of an elephant with tusks on either side and a figure of the spider at the bottom. When seen from the top it presents an appearance of a snake with five hoods.
The name of the spider is ‘Sri’ the serpent is ‘Kala’ and the elephant is ‘Hasti’. Hence the name Srikalahasti. According to the legend, the spider, snake and elephant worshipped the Lord in their own inimitable style and gave up their lives in protecting the Linga.
Pleased with their unflinching devotion, they were not only granted Moksha but also got manifested in the linga. This holy place continues to draw thousands of devotees seeking fulfillment of their desires.
Sri Kalahastiswaraswamy vari Devastanam, SriKalaHasti, Chittoor District. Andhra Pradhesh - 517644, Ph : 08578-221655, 222787.