Panchalankurichi and Kattabomman Memorial Fort
Veerapandiya Kattabomman, also known as
Kattabomman or ‘Katta Bommu’ was an 18th century Indian
Palaiyakkarar chieftain from Panchalankurichi and who
was one of the earliest to oppose the British rule.
He waged a war with the British six decades before
Indian War of Independence which occurred in 1857 in
After a bloody war with the British he was captured
by British and hanged in 1799.
His fort was destroyed and his wealth looted by the
Today Panchalankurichi is a historically important
place in the present day Thoothukudi district.
Azhagiya Veerapandiapuram (Ottapidaram of today) was
ruled by Jagaveera Pandiyan. He had a minister Bommu,
also a brave warrior, who had migrated from Andhra
Pradesh to Tamilnadu during the Vijayanagar times.
Kattabomman Memorial Fort : This was built in 1974.
The visitors can see this during day time 8 a.m. to 1
p.m. & 2 p.m. to 6 p.m.
Family goddess Jackammal is located nearby. The snap
shot is of the 5th generation heir of Veerapandya
Kattabomman temple. The entrance fee for the visitors is
50 paise for children and Rs.1/- for adults.
Located at Panchalankurichi. 18 km from Thoothukudi
and 68 km from Tirunelveli
From an Archaeological point of view, this place has a
glorious past and it is located on the banks of river
Tamirabarani. It is assumed that, in ancient times, a
civilised habitation flourished here. Some monuments i.e.,
Urns (burnt-clay vessels which were used for burying the
dead bodies of the very old people), small mud vessels were
found near the river Tamirabarani and they are supportive
evidences for the civilisation. This place is now under the
supervision of Tamil Nadu Archaeological Department.
Bharathiar Mani Mandapam :
In memory of the National poet Subramania Bharathiar a
memorial was built by Kalki Krishna Moorthy in 1945 and
Mahatma Gandhi showered his blessings on the occasion of its
opening. In 1981 the centenary year of Bharathiar was
celebrated. This was taken over by the Public Relations
Department on 11-12-1981. Located at Ettaiyapuram.
Paniyamada Church :
The statue of Our Lady of Snows is a posthumous
gift of St.Francis Xavier who received it here in June 1655.
This statue was installed at St.Paul’s Church. The festival
commences with flag hoisting on 26 July every year when the
preparatory Novena begins. The festival is celebrated for
nine days. During the period several Holy Masses are
conducted in the mornings and evenings. More than 50,000
people congregate here during this feast. The Golden car is
taken out through the streets once in a decade. Holy masses
are shed on the Golden car itself from 5 a.m. and by 7 a.m.
the car is pulled by the congregation with great faith
through the streets of Thoothukudi and the car comes back to
the campus by noon. Usually more than 20,000 people take
part in this feast.
It is surprising to see that many hindus participate in this
feast of Our Lady of Snow to thank Her for the boons that
she bestowed upon them and to seek Her blessings.
Panchalankurichi and Kattabomman Memorial Fort
Veerapandiya Kattabomman, also known as
Kattabomman or ‘Katta Bommu’ was an 18th
century Indian Palaiyakkarar chieftain
from Panchalankurichi and who was one of
the earliest to oppose the British rule.
He waged a war with the British six
decades before Indian War of
Independence which occurred in 1857 in
Northern India. After a bloody war with
the British he was captured by British
and hanged in 1799. His fort was
destroyed and his wealth looted by the
British army. Today Panchalankurichi is
a historically important place in the
present day Thoothukudi district.
Azhagiya Veerapandiapuram (Ottapidaram
of today) was ruled by Jagaveera
Pandiyan. He had a minister Bommu, also
a brave warrior, who had migrated from
Andhra Pradesh to Tamil Nadu during the
Vijayanagar times. He was known as
Gettibommulu in Telugu after the god
Sastha Ayyanam Swamy to describe his
strength and fighting qualities which
over a period of time, became
Kattabomman in Tamil. Kattabomman
ascended the throne after Jagaveera
Pandiyan, who had no children.
Kattabomman Memorial Fort : This was
built in 1974. The visitors can see this
during day time 8 a.m. to 1 p.m. & 2
p.m. to 6 p.m. Family goddess Jackammal
is located nearby. The snap shot is of
the 5th generation heir of Veerapandya
Kattabomman temple. The entrance fee for
the visitors is 50 paise for children
and Rs.1/- for adults.
Located at Panchalankurichi. 18 km from
Thoothukudi and 68 km from Tirunelveli
34 Kms. from Thoothukudi. This is the birth place
of Mahakavi Bharathiyar. A Memorial for Umarupulavar Dhansha
is also located here. During the reign of Pandyas at Madurai
people from Chandragiri near Chittoor of Andhra Pradesh were
brought and posted as “watch keepers (Dhisai Kavalars) of
Ilasanadu. This was later called Ettayapuram. Ettayapuram
was formed in 1565.
This village lies 40 kms from Tirunelveli and is in the
Tirunelveli Puliyampatti, Kadambur road. It bears testimony
to the worship of hero-stones in the pandimandala during the
16th century. On a private land ten hero-stones are found in
memory of heroes who were great soldiers laid down their
lives in ancient war fields for the sake of the country. The
heroes are portrayed with bow, sword, shields and fighting
against soldiers on horse back. By the side of the
slain-hero two women are portrayed in the pose of garlanding
the departed heroes. Two images of Jain Tirthankaras are
found in front of Karuppasamy temple. Apart from this, we
can find many black stones in the shape of lingas in this
temple. These stones signifies the martyrdom and sacrifices
of the ancient heroes for their motherland.
Kadambur is 14 kms South of Maniyachi Railway Station and
is named so due to the abundance of Kadamba trees. This
place is famous for Boli, a sweet made of flour, coconut and
sugar. Cotton ginning and preparation of fertilizers from
the cattle bones are the main occupations of the people. In
the month of Chithirai (April-May) Mariamman Festival is
celebrated in a grand manner and it attracts large crowds
from the neighboring areas.
This small town is 24 kms from Tirunelveli on NH7 Madurai
road. Now this place is preserved as monument for
Kattabomman. It is the place where he was hanged.
Kazhugumalai (literally meaning, Eagle Hill) lies
about 21 kms south-west of Kovilpatti and 19 kms east of
Sankarankoil. There is an over-hanging boulder over a cavern
on the hillock, which contains nearly 100 Jaina images
arranged in neat rows. Images of Adinatha, Neminatha,
Mahaveera, Parsvanatha, Bahubali, Ambika and Padmavati are
carved in specially-cut niches. It is though that these
images were carved at the instance of monks and lay devotees
sometime around the 8th - 9th century A.D. The establishment
is said to have been headed by one Gunasagaradeve. There is
also a Pandya monolithic temple called Vettuvankovil, just
150 metres to the north of the Jaina cave. The temple is the
only one of early monolithic Pandya temples that still
Korkai Port :
29 Kms from Tiruchendur. Korkai, the ancient Port City
(12th Centuary) of the Pandya Kings of the Sangam period,
now identified with the village Korkai (Srivaikundam taluk
of Thoothukudi Dt.) has attracted the attention of scholars,
historians and archaeologists for more than a century.
Although Korkai is recognised as an ancient Port City, it’s
precise location is still a point of conjecture. Korkai is
now a remote village. An attempt is made now to locate the
port based on field exploration, folk beliefs, and coastal
geology and geomorphology.
Holy Ghost Chapel :
Situated at Amaravaram an outstation of
Mannapadu, the Holy Ghost Chapel is one of two chapels
there, the other being dedicated to St.John the Baptist.
These chapels could not survive the wrath of time and
succumbed. But nature was kind enough to leave a solitary
ruined chapel in the midst of the jungle. The roof had
fallen in and on its dilapidated altar lay a stone
sculptured dove representing the Holy Ghost.
Memorial for Umaru Pulavar :
The memorial was inaugurated on 29th Oct. 2007 by
the Hon’ble Speaker Thiru R Avudaiappan, Government of
Tamilnadu Legislative Assembly. The tomb and a spacious
prayer hall in the ground floor, with a library on the top
floor. About 1,000 literary works of Umaru Pulavar for the
readers’ in the library. At the age of 16, Umaru Pulavar
stole the national limelight by winning a literary debate
with Vallai Varundhi, a renowned poet from North India.
Subsequently, Umaru Pulavar was made the court poet of the
Ettayapuram Zamin, sources said.
to the one of the best works by him, depicts the history
related to Prophet Mohammed Nabi, and it contains 5,027
poems in three ‘Kandams’ , which are Vilathathu Kandam,
Noobuvathu Kandam and Hijurathu Kandam. “Each of the `Kandams’
narrates various stages of life of Nabi,” sources said.
According to historians, the collection of the poet’s works
at the library would be of immense help to research
scholars. Memorial is maintained by the Information and
Public Relations Department under the direct supervision of
the District Public Relations Officer.
Thoothukudi is famous for macaroon. It
is a kind of food product made with
white eggs, sugar and coconut. During
the English period one
Mr.Arunachalampillai, native of
Thoothukudi who was employed at Spencer
Bakery, only with is great efforts
prepared macaroon and sold it in the
Ottapidaram V.O.Chidambaranar Illam :
Ottapidaram continues to be a Tourism centre for Freedom
fighters, since it is the birth place of the great patriot
V.O.Chidambaranar. His house has been converted into a
memorial and is preserved by the govt from 12-12-1961. His
statue, life history and photo galleries are displayed in
his memorial. It is 167.12 sqm. Situated at 2/119, V.O.C.
Sri Vaikuntam :
37 Kms from Tirunelveli Srivaikuntam is famous for the
temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu known as Sri Vaikuntapathi
Swami with a lofty gopuram.The Thiruvengada Mudaliyar
Mandapam is rich with sculptures of Yalis, Elephants and
Warriors. The Ekadasi Mandapam which is opened on Vaikunta
Ekadasi days, contains exquisite sculptures. The
Kailasanathaswamy temple is an another important temple. It
contains six inscriptions of the times of Veera Pandiya
Serntha Mangalam :
One of the Nava Kailayam has been constructed here at
ernthamangalam in Thoothukudi District The Presiding Deity
in the Temple is Lord Kailasanathar and the Goddess Sivagami
Ambal. If we worship Lord Siva who is the ruling deity of
Sukra Disai we will live with all prosperity – fame, wealth
position and with the praise of every one.Kovil Timings:
Morning : 7.30 am to 9.30 am Evening : 5.30 Pm to 7.30 Pm
Location: Located near Tuticorin – Tiruchendur High way ( 15
km from Truchendur and 20 km from Thoothukudi ) Frequent
buses are there from both the places from morning 4 am to
evening 10.30 pm (Every 10 Minutes) from Authoor – 5 km (Few
Buses and Mini Buses are there; Direct bus is available from
Tirunelveli via srivaikuntam Nearest Railway Stations are:
Tiruchendur : 15 km Kurumbur : 10 km Thoothukudi : 20 km
Nearest Airport : Thoothukudi – 45 kms Phone: Kumarasamy
Pattar : 04639-239319
The Mandapam that Reminds History
On the beach road at thoothukudi there is one mandapam
which reminds the days of our war of Independence. Mr. Ash
was the deputy collector at Thoothukudi. When he was
travelling by train he was assaulted by Thiru Vanchi Nathan
of Sengottai In memory of that collector this mandapam was
erected. Now it has been decorated with it stupis and
fountains and flowering plants are seen there.
This Divya Desam is located at about 2 Km. From
Srivaikundam and 1 Km from Natham. The 3 Thirupathis are
situated on Srivaikuntam - Thoothukudi bus route. Presiding
deity is Kasinavenda Perumal.
Then Thiruperai :
It occupies seventh place among the Nava Kailayam temple.
Lord Siva in the name of Sri Kailaya Nathar and Goddess as
Sivakami Amman alias Sri Azhagia Ponnammal bless the
devotees.Timing : 7.00 Am – 9.00 Am 5.00 Pm – 6.00 Pm
Location: 30 km from Tirunelveli in Thoothukudi District
Festivals : Sivarathiri Typasi Thiruvizha, Thiruvathirai,
Pirathosham are celebrated.
Port is a natural deep-sea harbour formed with rubble mound
type parallel breakwaters projecting into the sea for about
4 km. Port boasts of 9 Cargo Berths, 1 Shallow Water Berth,
1 Passenger Jetty, 1 Oil Jetty and 2 Coal Jetties in
Thoothukudi Sea Fishing
Thoothukudi is the main centre for deep
sea fishing in the district which has a
lengthy coast-line of about 140 km.
Prawn culture is very flourishing in
this district and earning considerable
amount of foreign exchange. Now the
prawn culture has been banned by the
Supreme Court of India due to pollution
issues. Tuticorin Fishing industry
thrives since this is the place known to
attract varieties of fish daily unlike
other centres. Fishes caught here are
either selled locally or exported.
Vanchi Maniyachi :
The original name of the place was Maniyachi which
has been renamed as “Vanchi Maniyachi” in memory of the
brave freedom fighter Vanchi Nathan, who shot dead the then
British Collector of Tirunelveli here.
Nava Tirupathi Divya DesamTemples
Sri Vaikundam : from Trinelveli on the Trichendur
Road. The Lord here is known as Kallar Pran. It is one
of Nava Tirupathi Temples. Time: 7 a.m. to 12 noon. & 5
p.m. to 8 p.m.
Thiruvaragunamangai : This temple is about 2kms east
of Srivaigundam and is known to many as the Vishnu
temple at Natham. Lord Vijayaasanar is seen here. Time :
8 a.m. to 12 noon. & 1 p.m.. to 6 p.m.
Thirupuliangudi : 1km from Natham, 2km from
Srivaikundam is the Lord Kasina Vendhar temple at
Thirupuliangudi; Godess Sridevi and Bhoodevi are seen
here. 8 a.m. to 12 noon. & 1 p.m. to 6 p.m.
Irattai Thirupathigal - situated in 100 yards of each
other at Thulai Villi Mangalam. The 1st of two temples
has Lord Devapiran in a standing posture facing east. At
the 2nd temple one can see Lord Aravinda Lochanar. Time
8 a.m. to 1 a.m. & 2.30 p.m. to 5.30 p.m.
Thirukuzhandai : This temple is 10kms east of
Srivaigundam. This place is called as Perunkulam. The
Lord here is known as Maayakoothan. Time 7.30 a.m. to
12.30 p.m. & 4.30 p.m. to 7.30 p.m.
Then Thiru perai : On to the south bank of river
Tamirabarani at Then Thiru Perai the big Nigaril Mugil
Vannan Temple is situated. The Lord called also as
Makara Nedunkuzhai kathan. Time : 7.30 a.m. 12 noon & 5
p.m. to 8.30 p.m.
Thirukolur : 3kms South west of Tiruperai is the
Vaitha Maa Nidhu Temple. This is birth place of Madura
kavi Azhwar, the ardent devotee of Nammazhvar. Time 7.30
a.m. to 12 noon & 1 p.m. to 8 p.m.
Alwar Thirunagari (Thiru Kurugoor) : The birthplace
of Nammazhvar. This is on the way to Thiruchendur from
Trinelveli. Vaishnavities attach very great reverence
and respect to Namazhvar. Timings : 7 a.m. to 12 noon &
5 p.m. to 8 p.m.