Thoothukudi at a Glance
 

Air : Nearest airport is at vaigaikulam, 14 km from the heart of the city.

Rail :  Connected by Broad Gauge Rail Tirunelveli, Chennai, Mysore, Bangalore,Madurai and Trivandrum.

Road : Connected by National Highways with Madurai and Tirunelveli. At present the three roads connecting Thoothukudi with Madurai, Tirunvelveli, and Ramnad are being converted into four-lane highways.

Area : 4,621 sq.km
Population : 15,72,273 (Census 2001)
Rainfall : 654.8 mm (Annual)
Climate : Max : 40.5°C Min : 18.5°C
STD Code : 0461
580 Km from Chennai

 

The town is also known as “Pearl City”. Tuticorin is traditionally known for its pearl fishery and shipbuilding. Thoothukudi became the centre of the Indian independence movement.

In the early 20th century, with leaders like poet Subramanya Bharathy, Veerapandia Katta - bomman, Vellaya Thevan, and V.O. Chidambaram Pillai. In 1906, freedom fighter V. O. Chidam-baram Pillai, with the help of Bal Gangadhar Tilak, launched the first Swadeshi ship “S.S. Gaelia” from this port town in British India.

The major harbour of Tuticorin is well known as a pearl diving and fishing centre. Tuticorin, one of the oldest sea ports in the world, was the seaport of the Pandyan kingdom after Korkai and later was taken over by the Portuguese in 1548, captured by the Dutch in 1658, and ceded to the British in 1825. The lighthouse built in 1842 marked the beginning of the history of Thoothukudi harbour development.

The District of Thoothukudi was carved out as a separate district in the year 1986 as a result of bifurcation of Tirunelveli district.
 

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