Thanjavur at a Glance

Air : The nearest airport from Thajavur is situated about 65 kms east of Tiruchi. It serves planes from the Middle East, Colombo, Chennai and Madurai. The next closest airport is at Madurai about 200 Kms away. Another airport is Chennai airport about 350 kms away from Thanjavur.

Rail : There is a railway junction in Thanjavur. It is well connected with Tiruchi, Chennai and Nagore.

Road : Thanjavur is well connected with all the major towns in TamilNadu. It is also connected with Kochi, Ernakulam, Thiruvananthapuram in Kerala and Bangalore in Karnataka.

Area : 3,397
Population : 22,16,138 (Census 2001)
Rainfall : 1008.8 mm (Annual)
Climate : Max : 36°C Min : 22.8°C
STD Code : 04362
334 Km from Chennai


Thalaiyatti Bommai

Thanjavur, also known by its anglicised name Tanjore, is a city and a municipality in Thanjavur district. Located about 10 km south of the Kaveri River, Thanjavur is the headquarters of Thanjavur District.

Thanjavur derives its name from Tanjan - an asura (demon) who according to local legend, caused devastation and was killed by Sri Anandavalli Amman and Sri Neelamegapperumal. Tanjan’s last request, that the city might be named after him, was granted. Thanjavur has the reputation of being the “Rice bowl of Tamil Nadu”.

The Thanjavur area has a rich historical heritage and is a prism of ancient as well as the modern south Indian civilizations. The city was once the stronghold of the historic Cholas and at one time was also the capital of the Cholas, Mutharayars and Marathas when they were at the peak of their power. Since then, Thanjavur has been one of the chief political, cultural and religious centres of South India.

Perumbidugu Mutharaiyar ruled this kingdom with Uraiyur as the capital. Later it was ruled by the Nayaks of Vijayanagara and the Maratharajas.

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