Salem at a Glance
 

Air : Salem Domestic Airport is 20 min. drive from the city. The nearest International airports is Trichy Airport (135 km) and Coimbatore Airport (159 km).

Rail : Salem Railway division has a total length of 842Km and six railway routes merging junction, so it plays an important transit point in south India.

Road : Three important National Highways NH7(North-South), NH47(Leading to West) and NH68(Leading to East) intersect at Salem. Two major bus stands are- MGR Integrated Bus Terminus (New Bus Stand)- Mofussil Routes & Town Bus Stand (Old Bus Stand) - Local Routes.
 

Area : 5,220 sq.km
Population : 30,16,436 (Census 2001)
Rainfall : 1028.2 mm (Annual)
Climate : Max : 37.9°C Min : 20°C
STD Code : 0427
334 Km from Chennai

 

Salem is also known as the Mango city in Tamilnadu. The name ‘Salem’ appears to have been derived from Sela or Shalya by which the term refers to the country around the hills, as in the inscriptions. Local folklore believes Salem to be the birthplace of the Tamil poetess Avvaiyar.

Salem along with Coimbatore remained under the Madurai Nayaks. Later, in the early 18th century, it came under Hyder Ali after a long feud know as the Mysore-Madurai war.

In 1965 Salem District was bifurcated into Salem-Dharmapuri Districts. Salem constituted 8 Taluks. Dharmapuri constituted 4 Taluks - Hosur, Krishnagiri, Harur and Dharmapuri. Salem constituted 8 taluks - Salem, Yercaud, Attur, Omalur, Mettur, Sankagiri, Gangavalli, Idappadi. In 1998 Attur Division was newly formed and a new Taluk Valappadi was formed.

Many great personalities including Salem Ramasamy Mudaliar, C. Vijayaraghavachariar, Pagadala Narasimhalu, C. Rajagopalachari (Rajaji) and Dr. P. Subbarayan started their political careers in Salem.

 

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