Air : Salem Domestic
Airport is 20 min. drive from the city. The
nearest International airports is Trichy Airport
(135 km) and Coimbatore Airport (159 km).
Rail : Salem Railway
division has a total length of 842Km and six
railway routes merging junction, so it plays an
important transit point in south India.
Road : Three important
National Highways NH7(North-South), NH47(Leading
to West) and NH68(Leading to East) intersect at
Salem. Two major bus stands are- MGR Integrated
Bus Terminus (New Bus Stand)- Mofussil Routes &
Town Bus Stand (Old Bus Stand) - Local Routes.
30,16,436 (Census 2001)
37.9°C Min : 20°C
|STD Code :
334 Km from Chennai
Salem is also known as the Mango city in Tamilnadu. The name ‘Salem’ appears to have been
derived from Sela or Shalya by which the term
refers to the country around the hills, as in
the inscriptions. Local folklore believes Salem
to be the birthplace of the Tamil poetess
Salem along with Coimbatore remained under the
Madurai Nayaks. Later, in the early 18th
century, it came under Hyder Ali after a long
feud know as the Mysore-Madurai war.
In 1965 Salem District was bifurcated into
Salem-Dharmapuri Districts. Salem constituted 8
Taluks. Dharmapuri constituted 4 Taluks - Hosur,
Krishnagiri, Harur and Dharmapuri. Salem
constituted 8 taluks - Salem, Yercaud, Attur,
Omalur, Mettur, Sankagiri, Gangavalli, Idappadi.
In 1998 Attur Division was newly formed and a
new Taluk Valappadi was formed.
Many great personalities including Salem
Ramasamy Mudaliar, C. Vijayaraghavachariar,
Pagadala Narasimhalu, C. Rajagopalachari (Rajaji)
and Dr. P. Subbarayan started their political
careers in Salem.