Pudukkottai at a Glance
 
Air :  The nearest airport of the town is Trichy about 53 k.m. from Aranthangi. Another nearest airport is Madurai about 103 km from Aranthangi.

Rail :  Ramanathapuram is a railway Station. Its connected to Trichy, Viridhunagar.

Road : good roads connect Pudukkottai with the major cities and states in the country.

 
Area : 4,651 sq.km
Population : 14,59,601 (Census 2001)
Rainfall : 926.2 mm (Annual)
Climate : Max : 38.7C Min : 29.6C
STD Code : 04322
390 Km from Chennai

 

The present-day district was part of the Pandya kingdom. Over the centuries, the district was ruled by a succession of South Indian dynasties which included the Cholas, Pallavas and Hoysalas. The district became a part of the Vijayanagara Empire in the 14th century. The Vijayanagara empire fought many wars with the Muslim Deccan sultanates to its north, and in 1565 the allied sultanates decisively defeated Vijayanagara at the Battle of Talikota. The defeat weakened the Vijayanagara Empire, and regional governors, called Nayaks, became de facto local rulers in much of Southern India. Pudukkottai was ruled by the Nayaks of Madurai from the mid-16th century to the mid-17th century.

Once a princely State, the area, which comprises the district, is of absorbing interest to historians, anthropologists, archaeologists and lovers of art. The numerous dolmens, stone circles and other forms of megalithic burials in the district indicate the antiquity of this region dating back to pre-historic and protohistorical times. This tract is mentioned in the Sangam classics. The archaeological and cultural remains at Kodumbalur, Narthamalai, Kudumianmalai, Kunnandarkoil, Sittannavasal, Thirumayam and Avudaiyarkoil are proofs of its rich cultural heritage.
 

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