Nilgiris at a Glance
Air : Nearest airport is in Coimbatore, about 105 km from Ooty. It has daily flights to and from Chennai, Bangalore, Cochin and Trivandrum.

Rail : Railway line connected to Mettupalayam (47-km), which directly connects it to Coimbatore and Chennai. The major attraction of the place is the toy train i.e., the Nilgiri Mountain Railway (NMR) that  connects Ooty with Mettupalayam and Coonoor.

Road : There are regular bus services connecting Coimbatore, Trichy, Bangalore, Madurai, Kanyakumari, Mysore, Palghat, Calicut, Tirupati and other important destinations in South India. Coonoor and Kotagiri are also well connected by road with the major cities and towns of the state.
Area : 8,209
Population : 25,81,500 (Census 2001)
Rainfall : 687.5 mm (Annual)
Climate : Max : 37.9C Min : 20C
STD Code : 0423
535 Km from Chennai



One of the Oldest mountain ranges, older than the Himalayas, located at the tri-junction of Tamilnadu, Kerala and Karnataka. Nilgiris is a part of the Western Ghats.

It was originally tribal land and was occupied by the Todas around what is now the Ooty area, and by Kotas around what is now the Kotagiri area. The Badagas appeared here much later from the Mysore Plateau, the unconfirmed date being 1550. Although the Nilgiri hills are mentioned in the Ramayana of Valmiki estimated by Western scholars to have been recorded in the second century B.C. They remained all but undiscovered by Europeans until 1602.

The first European resident of the hills was John Sullivan, the Collector of Coimbatore, who went up the same year and built himself a home. He also reported to the Madras Government the appropriateness of the climate; Europeans soon started settling down here or using the valley for summer stays. Later on the practice of moving the government to the hills during summer months also started.

By the end of the 19th century, the Nilgiri hills were completely accessible with the laying of roads and the railway line.

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