Nagapattinam at a Glance
Air: Nearest Airport is Trichy. 140 km from Nagapattinam. Intl. & Domestic air services are operating here.

Rail: Train facilities from Nagapattinam to Thanjavur, Thiruchi, Chennai and Nagore. Chennai is connected to all the major cities in India by railways.

Road: Bus services from Nagapattinam to Thanjavur, Thiruchi, Nagore and Chennai. Various interstate buses also ply from Nagapattinam.

Area : 2,176
Population : 14,88,839 (Census 2001)
Rainfall : 1,365.2 mm (Annual)
Climate : Max : 32°C Min : 24.5°C
STD Code : 04635
334 Km from Chennai


Nagapattinam is a unique District with all its historical and cultural significance. Nagappattinam is one of the constituents of chola mandalam, acclaimed as the most prominent among the ancient Tamil Kingdoms. Its salient features more than anything else have contributed to the glory of the Cholamandalam. Coastal town Nagappattinam was the Headquarters of a region during the period. This region has been named after Kshathiriya sigamani. One of the titles of Raja Raja Cholan. Nagappattinam was also known as ‘Cholakula Vallippatinam’. The Heritage of the town is found in the Burmese historical text of 3rd century B.C. The same text gives evidences of a Budha Vihar built by the great Ashoka. The Chinese Traveler Hiuen Tsuang Also mentioned the Buddhavihar in his book. Nagappattinam is mentioned as Padarithitha in ancient Buddhist literature. According to scholars ‘avurithidal’ the name of the part of Nagappattinam might have been derived from the word Padarithitha is the name of the fruit tree “Bhirtee” very common in this region.

District was carved out by bifurcating the composite Thanjavur district on 18.10.1991.

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